Hard-cover • 2019
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Dynamics of Labour Use and Role of Genetically Modified Crops in Cotton Cultivation
About the Book
The book explores current challenges faced by cotton farmers specially while doing the labour intensive operations in cotton cultivation, and assesses the potential socio-economic impact of the introduction of herbicide tolerant crops in India. Besides use of secondary and published data the objectives are met through a primary survey of cotton cultivators across Gujarat. Adopting the cost of cultivation framework, the study also engages in cross section comparison of production costs of cotton and net returns across size classes of farmers. The respondents were cultivators using both traditional Bt cotton hybrids and a type that incorporates an herbicide tolerance gene. The acreage under the latter crop is reportedly becoming widespread, albeit in stealth, due to reduced labour costs and certain non-pecuniary benefits and hence merits scrutiny by policymakers. It is expected that the findings of the study will serve as inputs for policymakers, researchers and other stakeholders to target investment to improve farmers’ welfare through technological change, while minimizing trade-offs.
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About the Author(s) / Editor(s)
Niti Mehta is Professor of Economics, directing the Sardar Patel Institute of Economic and Social Research, Ahmedabad. An alumni of Delhi School of Economics, CEPT University, and Gujarat University, her research is focussed on agriculture development, employment, agrarian growth and rural transformation, urbanisation and related areas. Prof Mehta has authored several research papers on these subjects. Her books relate to labour use in agriculture, sources of agricultural growth, human development and rural transformation. Prior to her current position, Prof. Mehta was associated with the Agro-Climatic Regional Planning Project of the Planning Commission, wherein resource based, decentralized agro-climatic plans were formulated for the country.