Detailed info...


• 2013

Pages: 176

ISBN: 9788171889938

INR 895

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Aligning Economic and Social Goals in Emerging Economies

Employment and Social Protection in Brazil, China, India and South Africa

Gerry Rodgers (Ed.)

In association with Institute for Human Development, New Delhi


One of the central dilemmas of development is how to ensure that growth is both rapid and equitable. Employment is the key, but the employment performance of most economies leaves a great deal to be desired. The bulk of the population in low- and medium-income countries continues to scrabble for casual work, in informal labour markets, at poverty-level incomes. Dealing with such vulnerabilities calls for effective systems of social protection. But in the developing world, only a minority, and usually a small minority of the population, is protected by formal social security mechanisms.

Good economic performance in the last decade in the large emerging economies of Brazil, India, China and South Africa gives hope that solutions might be found. Each of these countries has tried to tackle these issues, applying different policies and encountering differing degrees of success. This book documents and compares their experiences. In particular, it highlights four challenges faced in all four countries: converting growth into employment; building good labour institutions; finding the right balance between social protection and job creation; and dealing with inequality.

About the Author(s) / Editor(s)

Gerry Rodgers is currently Visiting Professor at the Institute for Human Development, New Delhi and at the Centre for Informal Sector and Labour Studies, Jawaharlal Nehru University. Formerly Director of the International Institute for Labour Studies, Geneva, he held a variety of positions with the International Labour Office between 1972 and 2008, including work on the design of the Decent Work Agenda and the technical work in support of the World Commission on the Social Dimension of Globalization. He has an M.A. (Cantab, Mathematics and Economics), and a D.Phil in Development Economics from the University of Sussex. His research has mainly been concerned with poverty, inequality, labour institutions and employment in low and medium income countries, especially in India and Latin America. Recently he has been engaged in a study of long term change in rural Bihar, a region where he has been working for many years.


Alexandre de Freitas Barbosa
Professor of Economics and Economic History,
Institute of Brazilian Studies, University of São Paulo (IEB/USP).


Haroon Bhorat
Director and Professor, Development Policy Research Unit,
School of Economics, University of Cape Town.


S. Mahendra Dev
Director, Indira Gandhi Institute of Development Research, Mumbai.


Ajit K. Ghose
Honorary Professor,
Institute for Human Development, New Delhi.


Bhajan S. Grewal
Professorial Fellow, Centre for Strategic Economic Studies,
Victoria University, Melbourne, Australia.


Rizwanul Islam
Former Special Adviser, Employment Sector,
International Labour Office, Geneva, Switzerland.


Natasha Mayet
Researcher, Development Policy Research Unit,
School of Economics, University of Cape Town.


Dipak Mazumdar
Senior Research Associate, Munk Centre for International Studies,
University of Toronto, Canada.


Amilton Moretto
Professor, Institute of Economics, University of Campinas (IE-UNICAMP),
Brazil and Researcher, Centre for Studies in Unionism and Labour Economics. 


Gerry Rodgers
Visiting Professor, Institute for Human Development, New Delhi,
and former Director, International Institute for Labour Studies, Geneva.


Carlene van der Westhuizen
Senior Researcher, Development Policy Research Unit,
School of Economics, University of Cape Town.


Barbara Harriss-White
Professor of Development Studies,
University of Oxford, Oxford.


Du Yang
Chief, Division of Labour and Human Capital,
Institute of Population and Labour Economics,
Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, Beijing.

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